Piping refers to the system of pipes that carry fluids from one place to another. Piping systems can be found in a variety of contexts, including in industrial plants, commercial buildings, and even in households. The types of fluids carried by these pipes can include water, steam, chemicals, and gases, among others. Piping design is a critical aspect in ensuring the safe and efficient transportation of fluids, and involves identifying the optimum pipe size, materials, and routing. Proper installation and maintenance of piping systems are also essential for their safe and efficient operation.